Non-Smoking Employees When I first started practicing law, I was asked by a fitness-conscious employer whether he could require his employees to quit smoking.

After some research into the Americans with Disabilities Act, I concluded, “no.” Basically, I concluded that smoking interferes with a major life activity — namely, breathing.

The senior lawyers whom I worked with disagreed.

They had some good points at least politically. Being a smoker is not a sympathetic status in California.

But a decade has passed and the ADA has broadened. And I’ve become more experienced as an employment lawyer, so I have thoughts on other laws that inform this situation.

So this video has my thoughts on whether you can make your employees be non-smoking.

Video Transcription:

Sometimes employers ask, “Can I require my employees to be nonsmokers?”
Some employment lawyers will say it’s acceptable because it’s not illegal to discriminate against smokers.

But you could be risking a disability discrimination claim because smoking is a physical addiction that may impair a major life activity, such as in situations when the person develops lung or throat disease.

In addition, employers do not have the right to inquire about an employee’s health and medical history, including at a hiring interview.

In requiring your employees to be nonsmokers, you may run the risk of violating these laws.

Employers do have the right to designate the workplace as smoke free.

However, employers do not have the right to dictate how employees spend their breaks, such as unpaid lunch breaks, when employees are free to leave the premises.

If you are worried about your employees’ health, try offering access to a smoking cessation program.

If you offer employee health insurance, many such programs are offered as part of the insurance plans and can be promoted by human resources.

Ask us how we can keep you safe from lawsuits with our Employer Protection Package by calling us at 800-449-8992 or emailing us at [email protected].

Alicia Dearn

Alicia Dearn

CEO + Trial Lawyer at Bellatrix PC
Ms. Dearn gives sharp and insightful legal counsel to entrepreneurs and employers so they can advance their businesses fearlessly. She fixes legal problems.
Alicia Dearn